It is no fun to relax on the cozy basement couch only to have water dripping all over you. Not to mention the unaesthetic appeal a dampened wall gives to the whole room. The dangers of a leaking ceiling are quite serious, and the first step is to find the culprit. So, what exactly could be causing the leak? For your convenience, we brought you the answer.
The leaking in your basement ceiling is likely a result of some internal damage within your house. This damage could be impairment, cracks, and leaks in many areas including, but not limited to:
- Drainage system
You can separately tackle each component by repairing the damage and replacing parts that are beyond repair. You may also call in a contractor to perform a thorough renovation.
But before you can remedy the issue, you must first locate the culprit, correctly diagnose it, and find an effective solution. In this guide, we'll talk about how you can do exactly that. Keep reading as we discuss the potential culprits and solutions to a leaking basement ceiling.
Why Is My Basement Ceiling Leaking?
If you find water leaking through the ceiling, we recommend doing the following:
- Locating where the water is entering from
- Inspecting what parts of the located place could contribute to the infiltration
Finding solutions to fix the damaged parts
Finding the Location
You’d be surprised at all that can access the basement ceiling and cause it to leak. Here are some of the most common sources of leakage.
Inadequate Sealing for Windows
If you have any windows installed by the basement ceiling, check there for frame damage. It may have unsealed gaps, broken caulking, or mold growth. These symptoms may occur because of too little foam between the wall and window, resulting in a moisture channel.
Infiltration may also be a result of improper flashing, lack of maintenance, or aged caulking. Each of those creates space for water to seep in and accumulate over the drywall. Then, it drains down the wall and onto the ceiling.
If the issue has been persistent for a long time, the windows may be damaged. Unscrew the gasket and look into the frame for signs of rotting. If you find any, you must upgrade the windows.
Thoroughly clean off any debris, dirt, and allergens before that. The frame may have not decayed yet, so removing any damaged seals and caulking the structure could help.
Fix any worn-out caulking by removing the damaged seal and recaulking the structure.
Roof leaks are not uncommon, but locating the point of damage may be difficult. If water drips down from your basement ceiling, the chances are that the leak site is not directly above it. In fact, water drained down the foundation into it. Water may enter the foundation through missing shingles, worn-out nails, or improper siding on the roof.
Look near items that penetrate through roofs, such as vents and chimneys. Inspect the attic space for signs and look for channels all across the ceilings. If you fail to locate it, call in a professional.
Depending upon the severity of the issue, roof leaks are not unfixable. Smaller gaps can be satisfied with a good caulking and flashing technique. If you have any damaged piece of siding, immediately replace it. Substitute worn-out nails with galvanized roofing nails.
Leaking pipes are often confused as roof leaks and are never treated with accurate repair and maintenance. Faults within interior home plumbing do not only cause ceilings to leak, but they also contribute to the dampening of the foundation.
Pipes extending from taps, washing machines, etc., are the most frequent suspects. Additionally, pressure, corrosion, and aging may also cause pipes to burst.
- Use an appropriate sealant to fill up any cracks in piping.
- Use pipe clamps on relatively big cavities.
- In case of extreme damage, hire a plumber to replace, repair, and reinstall components of the piping system as needed.
Faulty insulation and ventilation arrangements in the house can cause your ceiling to leak, too. One mistake is to allow natural air in on humid days. If you tend to open the basement windows, you must consider what sort of air you are letting in. Since the basement has a relatively low temperature, any humid air condenses upon contact with the walls.
Another issue can be a poorly installed ventilation system with humidifiers and thermostats set too high. Note that the maximum humidifier limit is 40 percent when the temperature falls between 20-40 degrees.
However, condensation may also occur simply because of high temperatures and environmental conditions that cause the accumulation of humidity.
- Remove moisture sources from the basement. These sources include humidifiers, combustion appliances, etc.
- Install a dehumidifier in your house if moisture from the surroundings is an issue. This step is helpful if you live close to oceanic moisture sources.
- If you must use one, set the humidifier at an appropriate temperature according to your surroundings.
Most homemakers end up ignoring the vitality of a well-installed sub-surface drainage system. The negligence may not affect results if your basement is generally left uninhabited. However, if you use it for day-to-day purposes, you must look into the matter of its drainage.
The best way is to waterproof your basement by using a sump pump. The pump is more like a water basin that prevents the accumulation of water beneath your house. Thus, moisture does not retain on dry walls to find passage inside. Instead, it is collected and wasted away.
Gutters, Downspouts, and Drainage
Improper discharge of water after use can infiltrate the basement. Similarly, if the input channel for water is below par, you may have to deal with unwanted leaks. Here, both the drainage system and gutter play a key role.
If your gutters or downspouts are full of waste, they will allow water to leak through. Get them cleaned of dirt or replaced if the damage is too hefty. For the downspouts, inspect whether or not they are discharging at a sufficient distance from the house.
A poorly maintained drainage system is a passage for melted snow, rainwater, or even the sewage waste seeping into your basement ceiling. Make sure the grading for the surrounding landscapes is sufficient. Additionally, get the drain holes checked and clear of dirt.
Is A Leaking Basement Ceiling Dangerous?
Yes, a leaking basement ceiling is dangerous. It can cause damage to your house, your health, and your budget. Here’s how:
- It will begin with ceiling damage and its signs. However, with time, mold and mildew will form in the dampened area. The mold may cause your drywall to rot beyond repair.
- If left untreated, the moisture begins to spread all across. Excess water can impair the foundation and bring the need for an expensive reinstallation process.
- Remember that water seeping into the walls can come in contact with electrical wires or any other combustibles. This situation puts your house at risk of fires.
- Dampening of the environment and rise in mold can cause serious health concerns. They are especially proven to contribute to asthma and other respiratory diseases.
How Long Does It Take For A Ceiling To Dry After A Leak?
The time it takes for a ceiling to naturally dry out depends on the severity of infiltration. Of course, a worst-case scenario won’t even dry out. However, if it hasn’t happened many times before and the ceiling is not too wet, it can take about four days to a week.
Tips on Drying a Ceiling
- Locate the symptoms all over the house and diagnose the water channel. Once that's done, fix it so that no more water is allowed to pass through. The ceiling can't heal while it still faces moisture.
- Your home’s ventilation system may be insufficient to speed up the drying process. Use a dehumidifier or higher volume fans to do so. However, keep in mind that you don’t interfere with the surrounding temperature so much that condensation begins.
- Do not stop the drying process after the apparent signs are gone. Often, the moisture seeps in very deeply. Thus, even after surface removal, it may sustain inside the cracks.
Does Home Insurance Cover Ceiling Leaks?
Home insurance covers ceiling leaks only if elements like weather, fire, or a natural accident cause it. Any negligence on your part, like poor maintenance, is not part of the home insurance.
Lastly, read through your home insurance to make sure the policy is present in your plan. If you don’t point it out first, you can not claim it when needed.
Will Flex Seal Stop Basement Leaks?
Flex Seal is a rubber-based coating that can penetrate cracks and crevices of all kinds and seal them shut. Most of all, it is a waterproof sealant, making it ideal to stop basement leaks.
How To Use Flex Seals?
The flex seal family is vast, including shots, liquid gels, tapes, and sprays.
- For a flex seal liquid, gently apply a sufficient amount over the leaking surface. Then, use a big brush to spread it across evenly. Recoat several times and let each dry for at least 24 hours.
- Use flex shot as a substitute for caulking to fill in larger cavities. It comes with an extension tube that provides easy navigation into crevices on the surface.
- A flex tape is a strong adhesive that may thrust upon heavy surfaces of whatever size.
- For a flex spray, you will apply it to the damaged area and let it thicken while drying.
Keep in mind that the longer you abandon the problem, the deeper the penetration. Thus, save yourself time, cost, and health by eliminating basement leakages right when they appear. Before you go, do you have other concerns about the basement? Do you wonder if you should fill cracks in a basement floor? For more information, check out our post here.
Are you wondering if a floor drain is necessary for a basement? We have the answer! For more information, check out our post here. Until next time!